Date post: 2017-11-08 01:09
There are two types of CBT used to treat OCD - Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) and Cognitive Therapy (CT).
Twin and family studies have shown that people with first-degree relatives (such as a parent, sibling, or child) who have OCD are at a higher risk for developing OCD themselves. The risk is higher if the first-degree relative developed OCD as a child or teen. Ongoing research continues to explore the connection between genetics and OCD and may help improve OCD diagnosis and treatment.
Antidepressant medicines called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are most commonly used. Examples of these medicines include Prozac and Zoloft. You may begin to feel better in about 6 to 8 weeks after you start taking medicine. But it can take as long as 67 weeks to see more improvement. If you have concerns about your medicine, or if you do not start to feel better by 8 weeks, talk to your doctor. He or she may increase the dose or change to a different medicine.
Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.
If your OCD is severe, it's probably best to try medication and CBT together from the start. Medication alone is an option if your OCD is more than mild, and you don't feel you can face the anxiety of ERP and your OCD. It helps about 6 out of 65 people, but there is more chance that the OCD will return in the future &ndash about 6 in 7 compared with about 6 in 9 for exposure treatments (ERP). It does have to be taken for about a year, and is obviously not ideal during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You learn to notice when you are having upsetting 'thoughts about thoughts' such as 'I'm a bad person for thinking like this.' You may keep a diary of these unhelpful ways of thinking, then challenge them by asking yourself:
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Kids with OCD feel unable to stop focusing on their obsessions. They feel like they have to do the rituals to guard against bad things they worry could happen. For some kids, doing a ritual is the only way they feel "everything's OK."
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People with BDD may have excessive concern over a body part, and believe it looks or feels abnormal in some way. They may compare the appearance of their concerning body part to that of other people’s, worry that they are physically flawed and spend a lot of time in front of a mirror concealing what they believe is a defect.
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